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Saturday, April 7, 2012

Anthropology


1.

 
The process in which culture is transmitted from one generation to the next is called _______________.
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
adaptation  
acculturation  
diffusion  
transmission  
Student Response enculturationStudent Response   
Score:0.5/0.5
 

2.

 
In many Native American societies, _______________.
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
Student Response more than two genders are recognizedStudent Response   
gender is not a designated category  
children are believed to have more than one gender  
only males are recognized  
only females are recognized  
Score:0.5/0.5
 

3.

 
The term ___________________________ is the economic foundation of a society, including its subsistence practices.
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
internal structure  
superstructure  
Student Response infrastructureStudent Response   
social structure  
external structure  
Score:0.5/0.5
 

4.

 
Which of the following is not a common aspect of culture?
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
values  
ideas  
behavior  
perceptions  
Student Response genesStudent Response   
Score:0.5/0.5
 

5.

 
As a prelude to social interaction, Apache hosts feel compelled to offer their guests _______________.
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
cattle  
small gifts  
seats  
beer  
Student Response foodStudent Response   
Score:0.5/0.5
 

6.

 
Because the many aspects of culture involve the many areas of our lives, we can refer to culture as being ___________________________.
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
symbolic  
Student Response environmental  
complicated  
integratedStudent Response   
boring  
Score:0/0.5
 

7.

 
Which of the following statements about society and culture is incorrect?
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
All culture is learned rather than biologically inherited.  
Although members of a society may share a culture, their behavior is not uniform.  
Every culture is learned, shared, based on symbols, integrated, and dynamic.  
Student Response Culture can exist without a society.Student Response   
A culture is shared by the members of a society.  
Score:0.5/0.5
 

8.

 
When a culture becomes too rigid and does not change to meet the needs of its people on a long-term basis, it is less likely to _____________.
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
Student Response surviveStudent Response   
govern well  
multiply  
become ethnocentric  
develop innovations  
Score:0.5/0.5
 

9.

 
A sign, sound, emblem, or other thing that is arbitrarily linked to something else and represents it in a meaningful way is called _______________.
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
a subculture  
Student Response a symbolStudent Response   
an ethnic group  
a myth  
an omen  
Score:0.5/0.5
 

10.

 
___________________________ refers to a society’s shared sense of identity and worldview.
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
Social structure  
Internal structure  
Infrastructure  
External structure  
Student Response SuperstructureStudent Response   
Score:0.5/0.5
 

11.

 
Cultural relativism is essential as ________________.
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
Student Response a research toolStudent Response   
a cultural avoidance mechanism  
symbolic significance  
a part of the acculturation process  
a cultural adaptation method  
Score:0.5/0.5
 

12.

 
Biological inheritance is to the ant and bee society as _______________ is to the human society.
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
ethnocentrism  
Student Response adaptation  
subcultural variation  
enculturationStudent Response   
social structure  
Score:0/0.5
 

13.

 
The _______________ are a mountain people of western New Guinea studied in 1955 by the North American anthropologist Leo Pospisil.
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
Student Response KapaukuStudent Response   
!Kung San  
Basseri  
Kaluli  
Azande  
Score:0.5/0.5
 

14.

 
A high rate of crime is a sign that a culture is not satisfying the people’s ______________________.
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
social and political needs  
biological and psychological needs  
Student Response needs and expectationsStudent Response   
military and civil needs  
political and governmental needs  
Score:0.5/0.5
 

15.

 
As outlined by the Polish-born anthropologist Bronislaw Malinowski, which of the following would be considered a fundamental level of needs that must be resolved by all cultures?
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
A culture must provide for political needs.  
A culture must provide for biological needs.  
A culture must provide for instrumental needs.  
A culture must provide for integrative needs.  
Student Response All except a.Student Response   
Score:0.5/0.5
 

16.

 
In the United States people are not regarded as adults until the age of 18; in many other cultures, adulthood begins earlier. In many cases, it is not associated so much with age as it is to _______________.
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
recitation of various religious sayings  
the passing of difficult examinations  
the acceptance of NEW obligations  
Student Response passage through certain prescribed ritualsStudent Response   
biological changes  
Score:0.5/0.5
 

17.

 
Which of the following statements is correct?
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
Only some cultures change.  
All cultures change at the same rate.  
All culture change is disastrous.  
Student Response Culture change can bring disastrous results.Student Response   
All of the above.  
Score:0.5/0.5
 

18.

 
According to Bronislaw Malinowski, the nature of an institution is determined by its _______________.
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
infrastructure  
culture  
structure  
Student Response functionStudent Response   
superstructure  
Score:0.5/0.5
 

19.

 
Because humans have culture, they are able to live in which of the following environments?
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
deserts  
mountains  
the Arctic  
Student Response all of the aboveStudent Response   
none of the above  
Score:0.5/0.5
 

20.

 
The term ___________________________ is the rule-governed relationships that hold members of a society together.
 Student ResponseCorrect AnswerFeedback
superstructure  
Student Response social structureStudent Response   
external structure  
infrastructure  
internal structure.  
Score:0.5/0.5
 

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